The It.Is and It.IsAny methods of the Moq unit-testing framework and why your "partial mocking" might do not work

Unit-testing of existing code can sometimes be a challenge, since you have to deal with classes that contain too much of functionality. In that case the “Single Responsibility” principle was not in focus, however, refactoring the code can be an issue, so you will have to unit-test the class as it is. Apart from that we do not want to “mock” the Interface of a class, which would mock all its method, but the class it self.

Such classes are calling methods of the same class, so the task is to mock only few of the methods, but not all of them, since we also want to unit-test some of them. The feature of partially mocking the methods of a class is called partial mocking. The methods that we want to mock, have to be defined as virtual, so that Moq can ovveride them. This feature can be a sign of code smell, when overused.

There are some great examples in StackOverflow on how to achieve that, however, in this article I would like to focus on an issue that caused my partial mocks not to work and show you how I fixed it.

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Define a custom HTML prefix for your .NET MVC models

There might be the case when you develop with .NET MVC, that you have to render a complex view which contains a hierarchy of partial views.

In such times you might want to render more than one instances of a ViewModel inside the view or you just want to use different ViewModels, like one from your framework and one from your partial view, that have the same name.

In order to avoid collisions of names of the properties between the models, you can use the HTMLFieldPrefix property which adds a prefix to the CSS id and name attributes.

Let us consider the ViewModel class in the following example:

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A very possible reason as to why your ASP.NET MVC ViewModel's IEnumerable Validate method is not firing

If you are dealing with an ASP.NET MVC project chances are that your ViewModels or POCO classes are implementing the Validate method of the IValidatableObject interface to validate on the server side the incoming data from the UI of your application. Chances are also that you are decorating the properties of these classes with validation attributes like [Required].

As stated here when you use both validation attributes and the Validate method, the property attributes are going to be applied first, if they pass the object attributes are checked and if they also pass the Validate method of the current class will run and validate the input.

However, what happens when you use no attributes in the property or object level and you only implement the Validate method? Why is the method not firing?

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How to fix the 'Could not load file or assembly Newtonsoft.Json, Version=7.0.0.0...' error when creating a REST API Client for Azure in Visual Studio

The last few days I have been experimenting with the different types of App Services that the Azure platform provides. One very interesting combination of app services is a ASP.NET MVC client (Azure Web app) or a WebAPI (Azure API app) which acts as the middleware between a JavaScript client and an internal “business” WebAPI (Azure API app). The architecture looks like this:

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A real world Azure Function example that logs client errors in a Storage Table

Today I invested some time into getting deeper to the topic of Azure Functions. Together with the new microservices architecture, new ways of doing business logic arise. Azure Functions are small chunks of code that run in a “serverless” (you do not care about allocating new hardware resources, even when the requests to the function raise) environment and each of them is meant to do one specific job.

Apart from the great examples and templates with Functions that you can find inside the Azure Portal, I tried to think of some use cases that I would use an Azure Function for a web application and I came up with the following one:

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